Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. The metropolitan area spans approximately 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) and includes six provinces called wilayats, known since the early 1st century CE as an important trading port between the west and the east.
Muscat Governorate is considered the pulsating heart of Oman. It is linked to Port Sultan Qaboos by Muttrah Corniche where the visitor to Muscat can view the wonderful variety of nature: golden beaches, mountainous heights, and golden sand dunes (Bawshar Sands).
Perhaps what is striking about Muscat Governorate and its states is the breathtaking intermingling of ancient cultural heritage and modern style. You will see houses, gates, old markets, small shops, and winding roads redolent of authentic history, side by side with modern markets, shops, buildings, and streets stamped with modern architecture. This allows Oman to preserve its historic character, and at the same time enjoying its contemporary spirit. Muscat is renowned as one of the cleanest Arab capitals, and has gained the honor of winning the Cleanest Arab City Contest several consecutive times.
Muscat as a city has played a prominent historical role due to its strategic location.
Muscat Governorate Wilayats are: Muscat, Mutrah, Bawshar, Al Seeb, Qurayyat, and Al Amirat.