The Dhofar (Ẓufār) Governorate is the largest of the eleven Governorates in the Sulatanate of Oman in terms of area. It lies in Southern Oman, on the eastern border with Yemen. It is a rather mountainous area that covers 99,300 km2 (38,300 sq mi) and has a population of 250,000 as of the 2010 census. The largest city, as well as capital of the Governorate, is Salalah. Historically the region was the chief source of frankincense in the world.
Dhofar has a tropical climate. Dhofar and a small portion of the northern tip of Yemen are directly exposed to the South East monsoon from mid-June to mid-September; this is known as the Khareef. As a result, it has a lush green climate during the monsoon season and for some time after until the vegetation loses its moisture. Dhofar's temporarily wet climate contrasts sharply with the neighboring barren Empty Quarter Desert. The Salalah plain was once a well cultivated area with a sophisticated irrigation system.
Dhofar Governorate consists of ten :provinces ( wilayats ) ;
Salalah ( centr of the Governorate ) , AlMazyona , Dhalkut , Mirbat, Muqshin , Rakhyut ,Sadah, Shalim and the Hallaniyat Island, Taqah and Thumrait.