The affiliated wilayats are Sur, Al Kamil W'al Wafi, Jaalan Bani Bu Hassan, Jaalan Bani Bu Ali and Masirah. The centre of the governorate is the Wilayat of Sur.
Sharqiyyah in the north east of Oman it an enchanting region of contrasts with fertile wadis and deep gorges in the eastern Hajar range, to the multi hued spell binding desert swathes and unspoilt long winding coastline, extending from east to south. It is this diversity that beckons visitors to this region from far and wide. The Sharqiyyah coast stretching from Tiwi, Sur and Ras Al Hadd in the east to Barr Al Hikman and Masirah Island in the south abounds with coral reefs, rare turtles and dolphins. Turtle watching in the reserves is and industry by itself, although the authorities are careful to promote it in a sustained way without endangering the turtles. Fishing is an important occupation for people living in the coast. The vast Wihibah Sands are home to the Bedouins who survive in these inhospitable sand dunes.
An ancient port and sea faring town, Sur, the regional centre likes on the east coast about 310 kms southeast of Muscat. Sur is renowned for its ship building industry which brought the city both fame and prosperity in the last century. Oman was able to extend its influence to Africa largely due to its superior navy and its fleet of dhows and ships. The government determined to preserve the industry has been encouraging the restoration of old ships and building small models of Omani ships for purposes of display in exhibitions and museums.